Think for a moment about the moral positions people take against capitalism and in favor of their preferred system. Capitalists are atomistic, selfish people with little appreciation for community. Capitalism is immoral because “it” allows inequality, and so on.
Let me make this brief. My sense is that folks find capitalism immoral because under a system of free exchange and private property, there is no guarantee that the values YOU cherish are going to be rewarded, elevated and appreciated. Things that you deem meritorious do not necessarily earn massive wealth. Intelligence, wits, etc face a similar fate.
Do you not find this objection rather … selfish? I do. People are angry because the rewards under capitalism do not satisfy THEM. But think about how rewards are determined under capitalism.
Individuals only obtain rewards when they can satisfy not their own values, but rather the values of OTHERS. That is precisely the opposite of the selfish behavior that is caricatured by opponents. Now of course there’s not a guarantee within capitalism that the values that earn rewards are morally praiseworthy. But no capitalist I know makes that case. The good life requires something more.
I’ll post my short “proof” of this, or rather a question for you, in a few days.